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Federal District (Capital)


Time Zones


Did you know the United States has 5 Great Lakes? Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie and Lake Superior (H.O.M.E.S.). Lake Superior is the largest lake in the U.S. and is also the world's largest freshwater lake by surface area. In fact, Lake Superior contains more water than Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan and the equivalent of 3 Lake Eries – combined!


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North America

Land Borders
Canada & Mexico


Mainland United States (contiguous, continental, lower 48) is located in North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean as well as Canada in the North and Mexico in the south.

The United States' 50 administrative divisions are called states and they span 2,680 miles (4,313.04 kilometers) horizontally and 1,582 miles (2,545.98 kilometers) vertically. 

Vast central plain with mountains in the west, low mountains and hill in east, rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska and rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii.

Highest Point
6,190 m Denali (Mount McKinley) (highest point in North America)

Lowest Point
-86 m Death Valley (lowest point in North America)

Mostly temperate, but varies from tropical temperatures in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Arctic Alaska, semi-arid in the Great Plains, located west of the Mississippi River and arid in the Great Basin.


  1. Summer (June - September)
  2. Fall (September - December)
  3. Winter (December - March)
  4. Spring (March - June)

Natural Hazards

  1. Tsunamis, volcanoes and earthquakes around the Pacific Basin. Hurricanes along the Atlantic Coast and Gulf Coast
  2. Tornadoes in the American Midwest and American South
  3. Mudslides in California.
  4. Wildfires in the American West.
  5. Flooding and permafrost in Arctic Alaska.

Natural Resources
Arable Land / Bauxite / Coal / Copper / Gold / Iron / Lead / Mercury / Molybdenum / Natural GasNickel / Petroleum / Phosphate / Potash / Rare Earth Elements / Silver / Timber / Tungsten / Uranium / Zinc

Land Area
9,147,593 km²

Water Area
685,924 km²


4 U.S. Regions

The  U.S. Census Bureau divides the United States (about half the size of Russia) into 4 main regions and 9 sub-regions called divisions.


Division 1: New England
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont

Division 2: Mid-Atlantic
Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania


Division 3: East North Central
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin

Division 4: West North Central
Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota


Division 5: South Atlantic
Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, District of Columbia, West Virginia

Division 6: East South Central
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee

Division 7: West South Central Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas


Division 8: Mountain
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming

Division 9: Pacific
Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington

How Many Miles is it from New York City to Los Angeles?
About 2,790 Miles.


6 U.S. Time Zones

Daylight Saving Time (DST) begins at 2 AM on the second Sunday of March. Time reverts to standard time at 2 AM on first Sunday in November.

Arizona and Hawaii are the only U.S. states that do not observe Daylight Saving Time. In addition, the United States' 5 territories (American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands) also do not observe Daylight Saving Time.

The U.S.' 50 administrative divisions are called states and they span 2,680 miles (4,313.04 kilometers) horizontally and 1,582 miles (2,545.98 kilometers) vertically. The federal district  between Virginia and Maryland on the northern edge of the Potomac River is home to the nation’s capital, Washington D.C. 


Explore the 50 States

Planning a trip to New York, California or another state? Click the links below to explore the Wikipedia sites and official government and tourism sites. Need directions, too? Click on Apple Maps or Google Maps. Start exploring the 50 states!

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