The Name America is Derived from Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512), who was an Italian Explorer, Navigator and Cartographer.
United States of America
US / U.S. / USA / U.S.A.
The United States' flag is officially called the American Flag, but it’s often referred to by its nickname, "Old Glory.” The 50 stars represent the 50 states and the 13 horizontal red stripes represent the 13 original colonies. Blue symbolizes loyalty, devotion, truth, justice and friendship. Red symbolizes courage, zeal, and fervency. White symbolizes honesty and purity (Adopted: 1777 - 13-Star Version) (Adopted: 1960 - 50-Star Version).
Great Seal of the United States
The Great Seal of the United States is used for authenticating official documents from the U.S. Federal Government. The seal depicts an American Bald Eagle with a scroll in its beak that bears the unofficial national motto, "E Pluribus Unum" (one out of many). The eagle's claws grip the symbols of war and peace - the arrows that symbolize war and the olive branch that symbolizes peace (Adopted: 1782).
Constitutional Federal Republic
Federal holidays in the U.S. are public holidays that have been recognized by the federal government. The first 4 federal holidays were established 1870. They were Christmas Day, Independence Day, New Year's Day and Thanksgiving Day. George Washington's Birthday became a federal holiday in 1880.
2017 Federal Holidays
In accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, federal holidays in the U.S. are observed on Mondays (to give federal employees 3-day weekends) except for Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.
When a federal holiday falls on a Saturday, the preceding Friday is observed as a federal holiday and when a holiday falls on a Sunday the following Monday is observed as a federal holiday. During federal holidays, most government offices, including post offices are closed. Banks, museums and malls are also closed.